Narrative Writing

Five White have been learning all about Narrative. A Narrative tells a story and is mainly used to entertain, motivate or teach. They also aim to get the attention of the reader and maintain their interest.

Narrative Structure

  • Orientation – usually introduces the main characters, the setting and provides some idea of what is to follow (when, where, who or what).
  • Complication – a problem that sets off a series of events.
  • Series of Events – triggered by the complication.
  • Resolution – climax or ending where the problem is resolved.
  • Coda – it makes explicit how the character(s) has/have changes and what has been learned from the experience.

Narratives use the following features to maintain the interest of the reader.

Figurative Language

  • Simile – uses the words ‘like’ or ‘as’ to compare one object or idea with another. Example: The water was as cold as ice. Click here to play a game using similes.
  • Metaphor – states a fact or draws a verbal picture by the use of comparison. A metaphor says you are something. Example: This room is a pigsty.
  • Personification – A figure of speech in which human characteristic are given to an animal or object. Example: The rabbit smiled at her.
  • Alliteration – the repitition of the same first letter, sound or group of sounds in a series of words. Example: Slithering snakes
  • Onomatopoeia – the use of a word to describe or imitate a natural sound or the sound made by an object or an action. Example: Snap! Crackle! Pop!

Verbs 

  • Action verbs: He jumped.
  • Relating verbs: She had lots of money.
  • Saying verbs: He shouted.
  • Thinking verbs: She wondered.
  • Feeling verbs: He worried.

Time Sequence Language 

Click here for time sequence language.

Adverbs and Adverbial Phrases  

Cause 

  • Therefore…
  • As a result…
  • Due to…
  • As a consequence…

Place 

  • Close to the door…
  • Adjacent to the house…
  • …towards his prey…
  • …away from the fight…

Manner 

  • Slowly
  • Trembling
  • Quickly
  • In an angry voice
  • With tears trickling down her face
  • Fleetingly
  • Angrily
  • Carefully

Degree

  • Gradually
  • Certainly
  • Absolutely
  • Incredibly
  • Extremely
  • Always
  • Really

Take a look at the YouTube clips below for more information.

In a comment, write a paragraph using as many of the above features as you can. 

For example: Little Red Riding Hood always visited her grandma on Sunday morning. She carefully carried her basket as she quickly skipped through the woods. She wondered what the rustling noise was behind the tree, when a large wolf appeared right in front of her. His fur was as dark as the night sky and his claws were daggers.   

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29 Comments

Filed under English

29 responses to “Narrative Writing

  1. Moufid

    Dear five white and Miss Azzopardi

    Devski always visited his brother Reznov’s house every Saturday morning.
    Devski walked through the forest while carefully holding his rifle in case there was an emergency.
    He always wondered why he always felt like he was being watched when he was alone.
    suddenly he say a humongous furry creature with a weird nose and long, deadly claws.

    Sincerely,
    Moufid

    • Truong

      Hello Moufid, That is a very descriptive narrative. It has Adverbs and Adverbial Phrases and Verbs. Very impressive!

      Truong

  2. Dear Five White,

    This is really interesting!My mini story: Sasha the wolf absolutely really loved prancing through the woods, she was close to the door and skipped away form her home. She extremely loved the forest food galore!Carefully towards her prey, she pounced therefore eating a delicious dinner. Sasha the Wolf knew the sun was smiling at her and the grass waving hello, as Sasha was as happy as a the happiest person in the world. Trembling with coldness Sasha definetley

    • Jennifer.A

      Dear Bella,

      That story is really good!! i love how you put a lot of adjectives and it makes good sense:) You also used personification an it sounded awesome…Is there anything that helps you write stories?

      Yours truly,
      Jennifer.A

  3. Dear Five White,

    This is really interesting!My mini story: Sasha the wolf absolutely really loved prancing through the woods, she was close to the door and skipped away form her home. She extremely loved the forest food galore!Carefully towards her prey, she pounced therefore eating a delicious dinner. Sasha the Wolf knew the sun was smiling at her and the grass waving hello, as Sasha was as happy as a the happiest person in the world. Trembling with coldness Sasha incredibly wanted to go home. Quickly and fleetingly she pranced home as fast as she could and finally arrived and was in her warm snug home. Therefore she fell asleep ready for her adventure tomorrow.
    Did you like my story?

    Yours truly,
    Bella

    • Grace

      Dear Bella,

      Your story was very good I could really picture it in my mind because of all the details you have put in and because my dad is always watching the animal things and I have to watch and you can see animals watching their prey.

      Kind regards,
      Grace

    • Dear Bella,

      That was great story it is so adventurous i wonder what her next adventure is?

      Kind regards,
      Josephine

  4. Dear 5W and Miss Azzopardi,
    Narratives draw you into a world that makes you want to live in it. This is my paragraph:
    “BANG!” Michelle has eyes as green as the leaves on a tree with hair as brown as the colour of a nutshell. As she was exploring an incredibly ancient, awful and isolated haunted house she saw the door open and close repeatedly. By now Michelle was trembling with extreme fear and had goosebumps trickling up her spine.

    I hope that it would be good enough to make you scared and frightened. Goodluck for your paragraphs!

    Kind regards,
    Natalie

    • Grace

      Dear Natalie,
      You are really good at writing narratives because it was quite frightening and it really made me want to see what happened next because it did not drag on and it didn’t tell me that she was scared it said she had Goosebumps running up her spine.

      Kind regards,
      Grace

    • Alicia

      Hi Nat,

      I was really frightened when I read your paragraph. I thought it was fantastic. And it also caught my mind that I wanted to read more and more of that INCREDIBLE paragraph.

      Bye,
      Alicia

      • Natalie

        Dear Alicia,
        Thank you so much!! To be honest I was quite scared, but I quickly overcame it in one minute!

        Thanks,
        Natalie

  5. Jennifer.A

    Dear 5W and Miss Azzopardi,

    I really love learning about Narratives and can’t wait to write one myself. Here is a tension scene:
    Bam! Ashley was speeding quickly through the dark as night, frightening forest. She had never, ever been into a spooky forest like this one, but she was absolutely sure that she would find the answers to all her questions. Momentairly, it came to a sudden halt and Ashley was shivering with cold air running down her long spine. Goosebumps started to appear on her shaking hand as the forest around her started to become yellow, red and orange.
    I hoped you liked it 🙂
    Do you like learning about narratives?

    Sincerely,
    Jennifer.A

    • angel

      Dear Jennifer,

      Your tension scene was very useful. Yes I like learning about narratives.
      What do u like about narratives?

      your sincerely,
      Angel

  6. Andy

    Sup, These narratives look very interesting and descriptive. Wow, I never realised that Fireworks- Katy Perry had so many similes and metaphors! Good Luck on your test.

    Andy – Cecilia’s Cousin

  7. Grace

    Dear miss Azzopardi and 5W,

    I really enjoyed learning about narratives! I loved learning about onamatapias and metaphors and a lot more about narratives. I love narratives because it is the one topic in English that you could just be creative and imaginative. when I’m am writing a story I feel like I am as free as a bird.
    Here is the orientation from the narrative that I am creating:
    BANG as the evil witch Mrs Ratty kicked a boy out of the door with her ugly wrinkly toes meanwhile Claudia was Dressing her self up with her ugly petrifying witch costume. At sunset she skipped out side the house with her cute little pumpkin basket and her pointy red witches hat. As she was walking down the scary dark road she thought she should go see if the new family has gotten any candy for her and as she nocked on the door of a humungous very well decorated house an ugly beast was staring at her. Before she had time to run or blink a green hand grabbed her.

    Sincerely,
    Grace

  8. Amy

    Dear Miss Azzopardi,

    It’s fun learning about Narratives!
    Bam the door smashed opened sam had blue eyes blue as the ocean and brown hair loud footsteps going up the stairs he was shivering with fear and and goosebumps all over him and a loud voice said whose there come out she thought it was the end.

    Kind Regards,
    Amy

    • Dear Amy,

      That was a great orientation it really made me want to know what was going to happen next. In also really liked how you put a lot of adjectives I it as well. It was really good that you didn’t tell that he was scared you said that he had Goosebumps all over him.

      Well Done,
      Grace

  9. Alicia

    Dear: Fve white and Miss.Azzopardi,

    I have learnt a lot about narratives. Well here is one of my paragraphs!

    Swoosh!Went the crystal ball. Ashley held up one colourful, small card. Ashley had goosebumps all over her body. Tears were trickling down her eyes. She was frightened. Then the crystal round ball changed not beautiful nice bright colours. The colours were red, blue, orange, yellow and violet. There were cloaks of red surrounding her, she was in a dark room with a fortune teller!

    Your sincerely,
    Alicia

  10. Tony

    Dear Five White and Miss Azzopardi,

    Narratives are sooooo fun to write because it is good for children to express their feelings and lots of children enjoy writing Narratives. Narratives can be very creative and one thing I learnt to about Narratives is that if you make it too long the reader will get bored and it is good to put Verbs, Adverbs etc. I love writing Narratives and I think everyone in our class like Narratives.

    Kind Regards,
    Tony

  11. Anthony

    Dear Five White and Miss Azzopardi,

    I have learnt a lot about Narratives look what I can do now.

    It was one dark scary night just after midnight. I suddenly saw a wolf pass by I quickly ran away from the spot I was just in and ran behind the venomous brown oak tree. The tree waved as the wind was howling, I turned around and a man with blood in his chest died in seconds ago before I could turn around, the wolf could be anywhere by now.

    I have really learnt a lot about Narratives.
    How much have you learnt this term about narratives?

    Sincerely Anthony

    • Kong

      Dear Anthony,

      Well done Anthony! That is a good start with a horror book! but try to add that you ran but kept on hearing sounds everywhere, would make the story spookier! But overall good job!

      Yours Truly
      Kong

  12. David

    Dear Five White and Miss Azzopardi,

    Narratives? Funny word eh? Well funny, enjoyable and tense. Narratives are fictional stories which is wrote in past tense, everyone knows that but some creative writers would use many ways to make them better such as putting in adverbs, adverbial phrases, adjectives and figurative language.
    What will you write?

    Sincerely,
    David

  13. Dear 5W and Miss Azzopardi,

    I absolutely love Narratives it is very fun.this is my story: “what just rattled down there?” Sarah slowly crept towards the basement to see what is going on she nervously carried her lamp and ‘BAM’ the lamp switched off instantly she got nervous while the basement door closed on her she is alone in tall the basement like a giant beanstalk ALONE. was that a good one? What did you wrote?

    Bye,
    Josephine

    • Jennifer.A

      Dear Josephine,

      That tension scene was very good!! This was my one: Bam! Ashley was speeding quickly through the dark as night, frightening forest. She had never, ever been into a spooky forest like this one, but she was absolutely sure that she would find the answers to all her questions. Momentairly, it came to a sudden halt and Ashley was shivering with cold air running down her long spine. Goosebumps started to appear on her shaking hand as the forest around her started to become yellow, red and orange.
      Hope you liked it 🙂
      What’s your favourite type of figurative language?

      Kind regards,
      Jennifer.A

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  15. Tony

    Dear Five White and Miss Azzopard,

    I loved writing my Narrative and learning about all the Languages Features. Narratives are really fun to write and lets your imagination flow with EPIC ideas. Narratives should make the reader excited and let the reader want to read more to see the ending. Sizzling starts are very helpful too.

    Thanks,
    Tony

  16. Dear five white and Miss Azzopardi,

    This story begins on a hot summers day. There once lived a girl named Jill who had an annoying little brother named Jack, together they lived in a rather dangerous forest in a small cottage away from civilisation. One day Jack and Jill went up a hill to fetch a bucket of water, the hill was steep and the climb was very difficult but the water was worth it. It was as clear as crystal and as cold as ice, perfect for a hot summers day. Jack and Jill filled their buckets to the brim and hurried down the hill. They laughed and played and had a great day.

    I hope you like it,
    Jennifer E

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