Category Archives: English

Narrative Writing

Five White have been learning all about Narrative. A Narrative tells a story and is mainly used to entertain, motivate or teach. They also aim to get the attention of the reader and maintain their interest.

Narrative Structure

  • Orientation – usually introduces the main characters, the setting and provides some idea of what is to follow (when, where, who or what).
  • Complication – a problem that sets off a series of events.
  • Series of Events – triggered by the complication.
  • Resolution – climax or ending where the problem is resolved.
  • Coda – it makes explicit how the character(s) has/have changes and what has been learned from the experience.

Narratives use the following features to maintain the interest of the reader.

Figurative Language

  • Simile – uses the words ‘like’ or ‘as’ to compare one object or idea with another. Example: The water was as cold as ice. Click here to play a game using similes.
  • Metaphor – states a fact or draws a verbal picture by the use of comparison. A metaphor says you are something. Example: This room is a pigsty.
  • Personification – A figure of speech in which human characteristic are given to an animal or object. Example: The rabbit smiled at her.
  • Alliteration – the repitition of the same first letter, sound or group of sounds in a series of words. Example: Slithering snakes
  • Onomatopoeia – the use of a word to describe or imitate a natural sound or the sound made by an object or an action. Example: Snap! Crackle! Pop!

Verbs 

  • Action verbs: He jumped.
  • Relating verbs: She had lots of money.
  • Saying verbs: He shouted.
  • Thinking verbs: She wondered.
  • Feeling verbs: He worried.

Time Sequence Language 

Click here for time sequence language.

Adverbs and Adverbial Phrases  

Cause 

  • Therefore…
  • As a result…
  • Due to…
  • As a consequence…

Place 

  • Close to the door…
  • Adjacent to the house…
  • …towards his prey…
  • …away from the fight…

Manner 

  • Slowly
  • Trembling
  • Quickly
  • In an angry voice
  • With tears trickling down her face
  • Fleetingly
  • Angrily
  • Carefully

Degree

  • Gradually
  • Certainly
  • Absolutely
  • Incredibly
  • Extremely
  • Always
  • Really

Take a look at the YouTube clips below for more information.

In a comment, write a paragraph using as many of the above features as you can. 

For example: Little Red Riding Hood always visited her grandma on Sunday morning. She carefully carried her basket as she quickly skipped through the woods. She wondered what the rustling noise was behind the tree, when a large wolf appeared right in front of her. His fur was as dark as the night sky and his claws were daggers.   

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Adjectives

In English, the students in Five White have been learning to write Literary Descriptions. It is very important that Literary Descriptions contain useful and interesting adjectives. An adjective describes a noun or pronoun, for example:

Three white swans swam in the lake.

She put several purple flowers in the vase.

Adjectives can be very useful as they can turn an ordinary sentence into an extraordinary one! When they are used correctly, they can make your conversation or your piece of writing very interesting. In order to use adjectives effectively, you need to choose them wisely.

While adjectives keep our sentences interesting, they are also very important in our daily lives. Adjectives help us to explain what we want. For example, if you wanted to buy a car, you would need to use adjectives to describe the kind of car you wanted – you couldn’t go to the car dealer and simply ask for the car of your dreams without explaining it. You also couldn’t ask for the specific coloured ice block at the canteen without using an adjective! Can you think of any other times when you would need to use adjectives?  

Click here for a list of 1 100 adjectives!

Challenge: Using the list of adjectives in the link above and/or in the Wordle below, write at least five interesting sentences.

(If you aren’t sure of what one of the adjectives means, you need to find it’s meaning before using it in a sentence).   

Adjectives - Wordle

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Spelling

Miss Azzopardi has noticed that many students in Five White get slightly confused when it comes to using the correct their, there and they’re. Take a look at the following examples.

There – use there when you are referring to a place.

  • There is a lovely store on the corner of that street.
  • Your book is over there on the floor. 

There is also used when followed by the words are, is, am, was and were.

  • There are many different colours on that poster. 
  • There is some milk in the fridge.
  • There was a lovely blue shirt in that shop.

Their – use their to indicate possession. The noun in the sentence belongs to them.

  • My friends have lost their hats.
  • Their dog was very cute. 

They’re is a contraction of the words they and are.

  • They’re my friends. (They are my friends).
  • They’re playing basketball. (They are playing basketball).
  • They’re wearing the same jacket. (They are wearing the same jacket). 

Leave a comment and have a go at writing a sentence with their, there and they’re.

Challenge: Try writing one sentence with their, there and they’re in it! For example: Their dog ran over there and they’re running after it!

ID-10069172

FreeDigitalPhotos.Net / Stuart Miles 

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Statements of Position

The students have continued to work really hard to write a persuasive statement of position. 

We have been learning that when writing a statement of position, we need to:

  • State the topic.
  • State our opinion.
  • Use high modality words and language of opinion.
  • State three arguments in one sentence.
  • Ask a rhetorical question.

It is important to include a rhetorical question in order to persuade the reader to agree with your opinion.

Rhetorical question starters include the following.

  • How could you (we) possibly..?
  • Do you really think…?
  • What would happen if…?
  • Could your conscience cope with..?
  • Is it really worth..?
  • Do you want to be part of..?

Listen and watch some students present their statements of position.

Can you hear the features of a statement of position in the videos? Provide examples.

Continue to copy and paste your approved statements of position from the Google doc into a comment on this post. 

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Statements of Position

Five White are learning how to write an exposition. The purpose of an exposition is to persuade the reader to agree with the author.

There are three main parts in an exposition.

  • Statement of position
  • A series of arguments with supporting evidence
  • A conclusion

The students have been working really hard to write a persuasive statement of position. A statement of position requires the following.

  • High modality words
  • Language of opinion
  • The topic
  • The author’s opinion
  • Three strong arguments in one sentence
  • A rhetorical question 

Here are some great examples of persuasive statements of position from students in Five White.

I absoloutely believe that children under 11 should not use the internet. It is thought that children don’t often act responsibly on the internet, children will click on spam images which will lead to the computer being infected by a virus and children are likely to be cyber bullied which can lead to feelings of anxiety, anger and sadness. Would you like your child to be sad? – Nathan

I strongly believe that watching  a movie is better than reading a book. From my experience, watching a movie is better than reading a book as the audience can see it and not have to imagine it, the audience will find it more interesting and entertaining. Would you like to watch a movie rather than read a book? – Anthony

I strongly believe that children should wear a school hat. It is true to say that hats protect children from getting sun burnt, protect you from skin cancer and getting a headache. Do you want your children to have skin cancer? – Phillip

I absoloutely believe that all children should participate in a sport. You can’t doubt that if children participate in a sport, they will be more social, more fit and it will give them cooperative skills. Do you want your children to be fit and happy? – Andrea

I absoloutely believe that watching a movie isn’t better than reading a book. It is fair to say that watching a movie isn’t better than reading a book because it uses your imagination, it helps you expand your vocabulary and you can become a better reader. Would you like to train your skills of imagination, expand your vocabulary and become a better reader? – Natalie

Books

jscreationzs / FreeDigitalPhotos.net

Can you identify the features of a statement of position within the examples?

Once your statement of position in the Google doc has been approved, place it in a comment below. 

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