Five White have been learning all about Narrative. A Narrative tells a story and is mainly used to entertain, motivate or teach. They also aim to get the attention of the reader and maintain their interest.
- Orientation – usually introduces the main characters, the setting and provides some idea of what is to follow (when, where, who or what).
- Complication – a problem that sets off a series of events.
- Series of Events – triggered by the complication.
- Resolution – climax or ending where the problem is resolved.
- Coda – it makes explicit how the character(s) has/have changes and what has been learned from the experience.
Narratives use the following features to maintain the interest of the reader.
- Simile – uses the words ‘like’ or ‘as’ to compare one object or idea with another. Example: The water was as cold as ice. Click here to play a game using similes.
- Metaphor – states a fact or draws a verbal picture by the use of comparison. A metaphor says you are something. Example: This room is a pigsty.
- Personification – A figure of speech in which human characteristic are given to an animal or object. Example: The rabbit smiled at her.
- Alliteration – the repitition of the same first letter, sound or group of sounds in a series of words. Example: Slithering snakes
- Onomatopoeia – the use of a word to describe or imitate a natural sound or the sound made by an object or an action. Example: Snap! Crackle! Pop!
- Action verbs: He jumped.
- Relating verbs: She had lots of money.
- Saying verbs: He shouted.
- Thinking verbs: She wondered.
- Feeling verbs: He worried.
Time Sequence Language
Click here for time sequence language.
Adverbs and Adverbial Phrases
- As a result…
- Due to…
- As a consequence…
- Close to the door…
- Adjacent to the house…
- …towards his prey…
- …away from the fight…
- In an angry voice
- With tears trickling down her face
Take a look at the YouTube clips below for more information.
In a comment, write a paragraph using as many of the above features as you can.
For example: Little Red Riding Hood always visited her grandma on Sunday morning. She carefully carried her basket as she quickly skipped through the woods. She wondered what the rustling noise was behind the tree, when a large wolf appeared right in front of her. His fur was as dark as the night sky and his claws were daggers.